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ABOUT KUNG FU WUSHU and Kung Fu to Kung Fu

This Kung Fu to Kung Fu  is an almost impossible category. This label is attached to almost any martial art that comes from China. It is Kung Fu Uniform generic name for literally hundreds of individual Chinese fighting arts. In reality we should have an entry for each individual Kung Fu style we are interested in, but this would fill entire volumes. However, we will do our best.

This is extremely controversial. Most of what appears here is a summary of what has been learned from Kung Fu Uniform. There are vague references of a King in China some thousands of years ago who trained his men in techniques of hand-to-hand combat to use in fighting against invading barbarians. kung fu to kung fu first real references of an organized system of martial arts came from a man named General Chin Na. He taught a form of combat to his soldiers which most people believe developed into what is modern day Chin-Na.

The first written record we have of Chinese martial arts is from a Taoist acupuncturist from kung fu to kung fu 5th century. He describes combat designed along kung fu to kung fu lines of an animal's movements and style.

Legend has it that a Buddhist monk named Wing Tsun Kung Fu, also called Ta Mo, came across kung fu to kung fu Tibetan Mountains to China. kung fu to kung fu Emperor of China at kung fu to kung fu time was much impressed with kung fu to kung fu man, and gave him a temple located in Honan - kung fu to kung fu famed Sui Lim Monastery (Shaolin Monastery). Ta Mo found that kung fu to kung fu monks there, while searching for spiritual enlightenment, had neglected their physical bodies. He taught them some exercises and drills that they adapted into fighting forms. This became kung fu to kung fu famous Shaolin Kung Fu system.

"Kung Fu" means "skill and effort". It is used to describe anything that a person Kung Fu Clothing to spend time training in and becoming skillful in. (A chef can have good "kung fu".) kung fu to kung fu Chinese term that translates into "military art" is "Wushu". As all martial arts, Wushu in its early stages of development was practiced primarily for self-defense and for aquiring basic needs. As time progressed, innumerable people tempered and processed Wushu in different ways. By China's Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911), Wushu had formed its basic patterns.

Intense military conflicts served as catalysts for kung fu to kung fu development of Wushu. During China's Xia, Shang, and Zhou periods (2000BC to 771BC), Wushu matured and formed complete systems of offense and defense, with kung fu to kung fu emergence of bronze weapons in quantity. During kung fu to kung fu period of Warring States (770BC to 221BC), kung fu to kung fu heads of states and government advocated Wushu in their armies and kept Wushu masters for their own Kung Fu Uniform.

Military Wushu developed more systematically during kung fu to kung fu Tang and Song dynasty (618 to 1279) and exhibitions of Wushu arts were held in kung fu to kung fu armies as morale boosters and military exercises. In kung fu to kung fu Ming and Qing dynasties, kung fu to kung fu general development of Wushu was at its height. Military Wushu became more practical and meticulous and was systematically classified and summarized . General Kung Fu Clothing of kung fu to kung fu Ming Dynasty delved into Wushu study and wrote "A New Essay on Wushu Arts", which became an important book in China's military literature.

The latter half of kung fu to kung fu 20th century has seen a great upswing in kung fu to kung fu interest of Kung Fu world wide. kung fu to kung fu introduction of Kung Fu to kung fu to kung fu Shaolin Kung Fu Products world has seen to it that its development and popularity will continue to grow. Wushu is kung fu to kung fu branch of martial arts originating in China. It is a modern art that is mainly sport or demonstration. Not an art dating back centuries, but it really has its roots in kung fu to kung fu circus. Wushu was not practiced by kung fu to kung fu Shaolin Monks. kung fu to kung fu most famous Wushu student is Jet Li. He has his roots in Wushu competitions and was Champion for many years. He got his big break in movies and has since made many Hong Kong and American Films.

Brief Wushu History: First systems of wushu raised even before kung fu to kung fu Kung Fu Martial Arts of Chinese state, but before III-IV centuries there was not wushu in full volume - there existed only military preparation, "war craft". In kung fu to kung fu beginning it had a form of dancing-military exercises, later became a military subject in special schools. At kung fu to kung fu end of II century all individual preparation of warrior got kung fu to kung fu name wuyi. This term kept during centuries and became a synonym to wushu. Wuyi contained juedi (wrestling), shoubo (hand-to-hand combat), methods of weapon combat. Sets imitated hand-to-hand combat, weapon combat, defense from weapon attacking. Teaching was based on sets of formal exercises - taolu - which can be executed as solo, as with partners.

During kung fu to kung fu "Springs and Autumns" period (770-476 B.C.) and "Fighting Kingdoms" period (475-221 B.C.) greatest Chinese philosophers lived and worked: Konficiy, Shaolin Kung Fu Products, Meng-zi, Zhuang-zi. China received spiritual impulse, which had influence on kung fu to kung fu developing of all East Asia during kung fu to kung fu next two thousand years. In I century Buddhism began penetrate in China from India. Not only ordinary soldiers studied martial arts (even some emperors fought on platforms), and by this reason chinese martial arts gradually began merge with philosophical systems and overgrow kung fu to kung fu level of simple collection of methods of hand-to-hand combat. Possibly, it was kung fu to kung fu reason due to which they didn't wither during centuries but developed and are still alive.


In 1219 when after capturing China Chingiz-khan went to kung fu to kung fu west many Tai Chi Kung Fu and Persians became moved to China. Such people were called "semu" ("men with colored eyes"), they had less rights than Mongolian but more than Chinese. In official documents of Yuan dynasty they were called "huihui". Moved on kung fu to kung fu east Moslem infantrymen and artillerymen in 1275, due to order of founder of Yuan dynasty "in all places entered in communities of border inhabitants", became peasants. From these people, Arabian immigrants (came to China on ships during Tang and Song dynasties), and Chinese men converted to Islam kung fu to kung fu "huizu" nation ("moslems") was formed. During more than seven hundred years huizu was indissoluble connected with wushu. They considered wushu as self-defense and as holy action, stimulated Moslem's spirit.

In 1351-1368 peasant's rebellion of "red bandages", headed by Zhu Yuanzhang (who also was a big wushu master), finished Mongolian Yuan dynasty and founded Ming dynasty. Zhu Yuanzhang became its first emperor (dynasty name "Tai-zu"). "Golden age" of wushu began.  In XVI century seaside provinces of China exposed to devastating raids of Japanese pirates. It was Chinese Kung Fu (at this moment he was 27 years old) whom was ordered to "punish kung fu to kung fu bandits and guard peoples". He was in hard situation: local troops were small, well-prepared Japanese samurais easy defeated bad organized groups of resistances. Qi Jiguang, wushu master, decided to attract detachments of local home-guard from wushu fighters. In 1561 Japanese was defeated in Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong provinces. After promoting to general, Qi Jiguang ordered for all soldiers and officers to study wushu. On kung fu to kung fu base of various systems of military preparing he wrote a treatise "Jixiao xinshu" ("New book of records about advantages [in war craft]"). Due to Qi Jiguang XVI century is considered as turning-point in wushu history.

Ming dynasty is a time of stable systematic developing and of peaceful coexistence of different schools. But nothing is forever. 1644, june, 6. Beijing is captured by manzhu troops. Last emperor of Ming dynasty hang oneself on kung fu to kung fu fortress wall. Founded a new dynasty - Qing. This dynasty existed during more than two hundred years, up to 1911. Center of wushu Kung Fu Uniforms was moved to secret societies. During XIX century China was shaked by many rebellions against manzhu ruling and dominant influence of foreigners. Secret societies, cultivated different styles of wushu, were targets for striking in kung fu to kung fu rebellion of "Eight trigrams", in Opium wars, in great people's war of Taipings. Rebelion of ihetuans (1899-1901), also known as "Boxer's rebellion", became an apotheosis of activity of secret societies.

Rout of Yihetuan rebellion followed to death of many wushu masters. But traditions of martial arts could not lose without leaving a trace. During Xinhai revolution (1911-1913) and later, during Warlords Period activity of secret societies resumed with new power. Goverment of Chinese Republic rendered a great assistance to wushu developing. First president of China - Sun Zhongshan (also known as Sun Yatseng) - studied taijiquan Buy Kung Fu Clothing from Cai Guiqin.

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His successor - Men's Kung Fu Clothing (also known as Chang Kaishi) also didn't avoid martial arts, he visited Guokao ("State test" - something like all-China wushu championship), which were organized in Nanjing (in that time - capital of China) Central guoshu institute ("guoshu" means "national art", during Gomindang ruling it was an official name for wushu), founded in 1928. General Zhang Zhijiang was a rector of this Institute, he was supported by general Feng Yuxiang. Another big organization, developed and spread wushu, was Jingwu Assotiation ("Association of true martial arts") founded in 1909 in Shanghai. Two organizations had branches in all provinces of China (Jingwu Association - also in other countries among local Chinese communities: in Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines etc), great masters worked as teachers. During World War II many wushu masters fought in army or partisan detachments, made theirs contribution in defeating of Japan.

When Communist Party come to power, Kung Fu Clothing called wushu masters to go out from underground. In 1953 since 8 till 12 of November First All-China Sport Games took place in Tianjing, 75% of it was wushu exhibitions. 139 styles were demonstrated, competitions in hand-to-hand combat (without any gears), weapon combat (on long and short weapon) and lifting of heavy weights (ancient chinese sport) were held. After seeing such a power goverment got frightened. Secret societies were dispersed. Simultaneously a Committee of wushu reforming was organized.

Famous wushu master Kung Fu Wushu on kung fu to kung fu base of huaquan (blossomed fist), zhaquan (fist of Zha), paoquan (cannon fist) hongquan (fist of stream), piguaquan (fist of chopping and hanging), shaolinquan (fist of Shaolin temple) and some others created a new sport competitional style changquan (long fist). On kung fu to kung fu base of five style of Guangdong province (styles of Hong, Cai, Li, Liu and Mo families) it was created new sport computational style nanquan (southern fist). Names of movements were changed, as a result movements lost mental contents: realy, "crushing mountain strike" is different from "fist bang on a palm". During "Great Cultural Revolution" (1966-1976) wushu lovers were repressed for "indulging of feudal survivals". But in this time popularity of wushu un foreign countries began increase due to kung fu movies. For in admission of decreasing of international prestige wushu was let alone.

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Description

Styles of Kung Fu encompass both soft and hard, internal and external techniques. They include Lion Dance Outfit grappling, striking, nerve-attack and much weapons training.

The Shao-Lin styles encompass both Northern and Southern styles, and therefore are kung fu to kung fu basis of kung fu to kung fu following outline.

Shaolin Wushu styles
External Styles (Hard, Physical)
Northern
Northern Shaolin
Chang Chuan (Long Fist)
Praying Mantis
Eagle Claw
Monkey
Drunken, et al
Southern
Southern Shaolin
Wing Chun
Five Animal System (Dragon, Snake, Tiger, Leopard, Crane)
Tiger and Crane Systems, et al
Internal Styles (Soft, Mental/Spiritual)
Tai Chi Chuan
Others (Pa Kua, Xingyi, et al)
Training

Shaolin Wushu Methods
Hard or External Styles
Stresses training and strengthening of kung fu to kung fu joints, bones, and muscles
Requires rigorous body conditioning
Consists of positioning and movement of kung fu to kung fu limbs and body, correct technique, muscular strength, speed, etc.
2.Soft or Internal Styles
Stresses development of internal organs where "Chi" is produced
Allows one to develop mental capability to call upon this "Chi"
Concerned with breathing, poise, and tone of kung fu to kung fu core body structures
Long or Northern Styles
Stresses Flexibility, quickness, agility, and balance similar to kung fu to kung fu attributes of a trained and well-conditioned gymnast
Uses many kicks along with hand techniques
Legs specialize in long-range tactics
Short or Southern
Stresses close-range tactics, power, and stability
Uses mostly hand techniques
Kung Fu almost always seems to incorporate forms and routines. They emphasize solo practice as well as group practice. (They even have forms for two or more people). They train in multiple types of weapons. There is also a great emphasis on sparring in kung fu to kung fu harder styles, and sensitivity training in kung fu to kung fu soft styles.


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What is the purpose of Kung Fu?

Many consider self-defense as the ultimate goal of Kung Fu or any Martial Art. Yet, the study of Kung Fu is much more than the mere art of fighting. It is truly an art - an art which seeks to develop the body, mind, character, and soul.

Kung Fu does NOT teach that we should seek to overcome other men. Rather we must look into ourselves and learn to control our thoughts and emotions. We should always be peaceful and avoid combat. However, if facing a situation which threatens severe bodily harm or injury, the soul should become the warrior and we must learn to defend ourselves.

Kung Fu, as do many Martial Arts, teaches balance which is the key to movement and to the execution of technique. The concept of balance is thought of as keeping balance between Heaven and Earth. We can only achieve this concept of balance if we learn to focus our thoughts, concentrate and empty our minds of distraction.



Who is Kung Fu for?

Kung Fu is for any willing student. All that is necessary is the enthusiasm and desire to work diligently and accept discipline. One must have or be ready to develop the physical, psychological and ethical characteristics to allow for growth in the art. Not every student will advance at the same rate. Each of us has a different background and possesses different physical and intellectual capabilities. The important issue is that as a disciple, each student tries to the best of his or her abilities and through that effort, progresses and continues to learn.

Why is the study of an ancient art form such an importand and immediate need of today?

Kung Fu teaches us the lessons of respect, harmony, fairness and self-reliance. These characteristics are absolutely necessary for us to achieve success in a society which is continuously becoming tougher and more difficult to be in. Kung Fu provides a positive path for the development of our mental and physical selves.
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History of Kung Fu

In around the year 2600 B.C., Emperor Huang Ti first taught the Chinese military a form of self-defense which was latter formalized into the art of Kung Fu. The Buddhist and Taoist religions added to the philosophy of Kung Fu, making it more than simply a form of self-defense or fighting.

Many of the techniques incorporated into Kung Fu were first observed as the animals around us struggled in life or death combat. As these movements were studied and analyzed, sequences of techniques were developed employing the essential qualities of each animal's unique method of fighting. For example, FU FU JUEN or Tiger Fist Form, shows the great strength, speed and directness for which a Tiger is known.
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What is Hung Mei Kung Fu?

Hung Mei is a part of Shaolin Kung Fu, which originated in the Shaolin Temple. The Shaolin Temple is located on Songshang Mountain, Henan province, China. The original Temple was built in 495 A.D. (Year Nineteen of the Bei Wei dynasty). Around 527 A.D. Monk Tao Mo (Dharma) came to China from India to spread the teachings of Buddhism. During his years in the Shaolin Temple, Tao Mo founded the Zen branch of Buddhism which, for thousands of years, has been the most influential sect of Buddhism in China. Tao Mo has since been referred to as the first ancestor of Zen. During the meditation service, Monk Tao Mo (Dharma) noticed that many of his disciples were lethargic and were falling asleep. In order to stimulate their interest and spirit, he introduced a routine of physical exercises. Later, it was realized that many of these movements had roots in the techniques of self-defense. As more and more Kung Fu Masters joined the Shaolin Temple seeking to develop their spirit, Shaolin Kung Fu was developed and perfected.
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Bodhidharma
Main article: Bodhidharma

Legend
According to the Jingde Records of the Transmission of the Lamp, after Bodhidharma leaves the court of the Liang emperor Wu in 527, he eventually finds himself at the Shaolin Monastery, where he ¡§faced a wall for nine years, not speaking for the entire time¡¨.

According to the Yi J?n J?ng,

after Bodhidharma faced the wall for nine years at Shaolin temple, he, according to the history, left behind an iron chest; when the monks opened this chest they found the two books ¡§Marrow Cleansing Classic¡¨[5] and ¡§Muscle Change Classic¡¨[6] within. The first book was taken by his disciple Huike, and disappeared; as for the second, ¡§the monks selfishly coveted it, practicing the skills therein, falling into heterodox ways, and losing the correct purpose of cultivating the Real. The Shaolin monks have made some fame for themselves through their fighting skill; this is all due to having obtained this manuscript.[7]

History
See also: Yi J?n J?ng
The attribution of Shaolin Kung Fu to Bodhidharma has been discredited by martial arts historians, first by Tang Hao on the grounds that the Yi J?n J?ng is a forgery.[8] Matsuda Ryuchi could not find any mention of¡Xlet alone attribution to¡XBodhidharma in any of the texts written about the the Shaolin martial arts[9] before the 19th century.[10]

Shaolin monastery records name two monks¡XHuiguang and Sengchou¡Xwho were expert in the martial arts years before the arrival of Bodhidharma.[11] Sengchou's skill with the tin staff is even documented in the Chinese Buddhist canon.

The discovery of arms caches in the monasteries of Chang'an during government raids in 446 AD suggests that Chinese monks practiced martial arts prior to the establishment of the Shaolin Monastery in 497.[12] Monks came from the ranks of the population among whom the martial arts were widely practiced prior to the introduction of Buddhism. There are indications that Huiguang, Sengchou and even Huike, Bodhidarma's immediate successor as Patriarch of Chan Buddhism, may have been military men before retiring to the monastic life. Moreover, Chinese monasteries, not unlike those of Europe, in many ways were effectively large landed estates, that is, sources of considerable wealth which required protection that had to be supplied by the monasteries' own manpower.

In addition, the Spring and Autumn Annals of Wu and Yue, the Bibliographies in the Book of the Han Dynasty and the Records of the Grand Historian all document the existence of martial arts in China before Bodhidharma. The martial arts Shu?i Ji?o and Sun Bin Quan, to name two, predate the establishment of the Shaolin Monastery by centuries.[13]


Shaolin Kung Fu in the Tang Dynasty (618¡V907)
The oldest evidence of Shaolin participation in combat is a stele from 728 that attests to two occasions: a defense of the monastery from bandits around 610 and their role in the defeat of Wang Shichong at the Battle of Hulao in 621.

Like most dynastic changes, the end of the Sui Dynasty was a time of upheaval and contention for the throne. Wang Shichong was one of those who had declared himself Emperor. He controlled the territory of Zheng and the ancient capital of Luoyang.

Overlooking Luoyang on Mount Huanyuan was the Cypress Valley Estate, which had served as the site of a fort during the Jin and a commandery during the Southern Qi.[14] Sui Emperor Wen had bestowed the estate on a nearby monastery called Shaolin for its monks to farm but Wang Shichong, realizing its strategic value, seized the estate and there placed troops and a signal tower, as well as establishing a prefecture called Yuanzhou.[15] Furthermore, he had assembled an army at Luoyang to march on the Shaolin Temple itself.

The monks of Shaolin allied with Wang's enemy, Li Shimin, and took back the Cypress Valley Estate, defeating Wang's troops and capturing his nephew Renze.

Without the fort at Cypress Valley, there was nothing to keep Li Shimin from marching on Luoyang after his defeat of Wang's ally Dou Jiande at the Battle of Hulao, forcing Wang Shichong to surrender.

Li Shimin's father was the first Tang Emperor and Shimin himself became its second.

Thereafter Shaolin enjoyed the royal patronage of the Tang.

Though the Shaolin Monastery Stele of 728 attests to these incidents in 610 and 621 when the monks engaged in combat, note that it does not allude to martial training in the monastery, or to any fighting technique in which its monks specialized. Nor do any other sources from the Tang, Song and Yuan periods allude to military training at the temple, so even if it is possible or even likely that the Shaolin monastic regimen included martial arts, there is no documentation of it. According to Meir Shahar, this is explained by a confluence of the late-Ming fashion for military encyclopedias and, more importantly, the conscription of civilian irregulars¡Xincluding monks¡Xas a result of Ming military decline in the 16th century.[16]


Shaolin Kung Fu in the Ming Dynasty (1368¡V1644)
From the 8th to the 15th centuries, no extant source documents Shaolin participation in combat; then suddenly, the 16th and 17th centuries see at least forty extant sources attest that, not only did monks of Shaolin practice martial arts for Kung Fu Clothing, but martial practice had become such an integral element of Shaolin monastic life that the monks felt the need to justify it by creating new Buddhist lore.[17] References to Shaolin martial arts appear in various literary genres of the late Ming: the epitaphs of Shaolin warrior monks, martial-arts manuals, military encyclopedias, historical writings, travelogues, fiction, and even poetry.[18]

These sources, in contrast to those from the Tang period, refer to Shaolin methods of Chinese Kung Fu Outfits for combat unarmed, with the spear, and with the weapon that was the forte of the Shaolin monks and for which they had become famous¡Xthe staff.[19]

By the mid-16th century military experts from all over Ming China were travelling to Shaolin to study its fighting techniques.

Around 1560 Yu Dayou travelled to Shaolin Monastery to see for himself its monks' fighting techniques, but found them disappointing. Yu returned to the south with two monks, Zongqing and Pucong, whom he taught the use of the staff over the next three years, after which Zongqing and Pucong returned to Shaolin Monastery and taught their brother monks what they had learned. Martial arts historian Tang Hao traced the Shaolin staff style Five Tigers Interception[20] to Yu's teachings.

The earliest extant manual on Shaolin Kung Fu, the Exposition of the Original Shaolin Staff Method[21] was written around 1610 and published in 1621 from what its author Cheng Z?ngyou learned during a more than ten year stay at the monastery.

Conditions of lawlessness in Henan¡Xwhere the Shaolin Monastery is located¡Xand surrounding provinces during the late Ming Dynasty and all of the Qing Dynasty contributed to the development of martial arts. Meir Shahar lists the martial arts T'ai Chi Ch'uan, Chang Family Boxing, B?guaquan, Xingyiquan and B?jiquan as originating from this region and this time period.[22]
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